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Blogs » Kiwon Lafiya » Magani da wasu alfanun ganyen Bi-ni-da-zuga (Jatropha Curcas)

Magani da wasu alfanun ganyen Bi-ni-da-zuga (Jatropha Curcas)

  • Alfanun tsiro ko ganye a matsayin abinci ko hanya ta samar da waraka (magani) daga wasu nau’o’in cututtuka ga ?an Adam da??a?e abu ne a tarihi. Don haka, kusan kowace al’umma ta tanadar da hanyoyin sarrafa nau’ukan abincinta da kuma samar da kariya ko magungunan gargajiya don jinyar cututtukan jiki daga tsirrai da wasu ganyayyaki da suke samu a yankunansu. Kuma babu mahaluki da zai bugi ?irji ya ce ya san ha?i?anin a ina ko lokaci da aka fara amfani da ganye (tsiro) a matsayin hanyar jinyar cututtuka, sai dai kuma dangantaka tsakanin tsirran da lafiya ya wanzu ne tun farkon samuwar ?an Adam a doron ?asa.

    Hujja ta kusa da ke bayyana dangantaka ta ?ut-da-?ut tsakanin wa?annan an same su ne cikin wasu ?ungiyoyin addini da kuma wasu muhimman takardun da suka shafi kayakin kimiyya a cikin kabarin Neanderthal man (wanda ake danganta shi da samuwar ?an adam) da ke binne tun shekaru dubu sittin (60,000) da suka gabata.

    Wani binciken ?ididdiga kuma ya bayyana cewa wasu daga cikin nau’ukan tsirrai da aka binne da gawar a cikin kabarin duk suna taimakawa wajen magani. Sannan kuma kici?is da aka yi wajen binciko sabon tsiro na abinci ko a matse ruwansa wanda yake taimakawa wajen rage ra?a?i da zafin ciwo musamman ma zazza?i, na iya samun nasaba da kasantuwar wannan ilmin wanda ya shu?e sanna ya yi naso cikin zuri’ar al’umma, wanda daga ?arshe ya zama silar samuwar magani.

    Kuna iya karanta: Yadda za a rage sugar a cikin jini ba tare da shan magani ba

    Haka kuma a wata ?ididdiga wadda ta nuna cewa yawan mutane da ke zaune cikin karkara kashi 75% zuwa 90% a duniya har gobe sun dogara ne da magungunan da wa?annan tsirrai ke samarwa a matsayin babbar hanyarsu ta kiwon lafiya. Wannan hanyar kuwa ta maganin gargajiya ta cigaba da bun?asa a ?asar sin (China) a yau da ?asar India da ma wasu ?asashe na duniya wanda har da Najeriya.

    Ganyen Bi-ni-da-zuga

    Ita wannan bishiya ta Bi-ni-da-zuga ana kiranta da sunaye daban-daban a sassan duniyan nan dangane da yadda al’umma suka santa da shi bisa tsarin al’adarsu. A wasu wuraren ko ?asashe ana kiranta, pignut, ko purge nut, ko Barbados nut, ko kuma Black vomit nut. A ?asashen Asiya kuma musamman ma ?asar India, a yawa-yawan lokaci ana ?iran bishiyar da ‘Castor oil plant’ ko kuma ‘hedge Castor oil plant’   A Najeriya kuma, al’ummar Hausawa na ?iranta Bi-ni-da-Zuga, ?abilar Igbo kuma suna kiranta da Olulu idu ko Owulu idu. ?abilar Yoruba kuma suna kiranta Botuje, ko lapa lapa fun fun. Ya yin da ?abilar Fulani kuma ke kiranta da kwalkwalaje a harshensu na Fillanci.

    Tsarin Bi-ni-da-Zuga (Jatropha Curcas)

    Bi-ni-da-zuga, shi dai bishiya ne wanda dangane da tsarinsa, yayin da ya girma matu?a, yana kai kimanin mita 3-4 ko kuma 3 zuwa 8 na tsawo. Daga cikin zuri’arsa akwai ire-irensa kusan kimanin ?ari biyu da tamanin da uku (283) da wasu nau’ukan tsirrai ko shuka da suka kai kimanin dubu bakwai da ?ari uku, wa?anda suke iri guda a duk fa?in duniyar nan a mabambantan yankuna wa?anda yanayinsu ya bambanta. Shi dai Bi-ni-da-Zuga, dangane da yanayi,  bu?atar fari (rashin ruwa) amma kuma an iya shuka shi ko yana iya tsira a sahara ko rairayi, sannan yana iya tsira ko fita a ko ina yake kuma a kowane iri nau’i na ?asan shuka, ko a ta?o ko yashi ko a inda duwatsu suke don bai damu da ko akwai fari ba (rashin ruwa) sannan yana iya rayuwa kusan shekaru hamsin (50), sannan kuma babu wani ?waro dake addabarsa balle ya masa illa.

    Bishiyar Bi-ni-da-zuga na da gajerun ga?a na jikinsa sannan yana da rassa daga jikin kowane ga?a na shi. Sannan bishiya ne da jikinsa ke da laushin gaske kuma fatar jikin bishiyar na nan kore-kore da wani ?an layi fari-fari a jiki. Dangane da tsarin ganyensa kuma, ganye ne falafala ba su da tsayi sai fa?i wanda fa?in ya kai kimanin 2 - 6 mm. Sannan ganyen kan canja launinsa a wasu lokuta zuwa wani launi na rawaya, sannan kuma furen bishiyar Bi-ni-da-zuga yana da launi kore-kore da rawaya wanda fa?i da tsayin furen ya kai 6 – 7 cm sannan yana da ganye guda biyar a jikin furen.

    Karanta makala makamancin wannan: Amfani 10 na kayan kamshi (spices) ga lafiyar bil adam

    Haka kuma bishiyar na samar da 'ya'ya daga jikinsa wanda lokacin da suke ?anana  suna da launi kore-kore idan kuma sun girma sun ?osa sai su sauya daga launin kore zuwa fatsi-fatsi, ko launin ?asa. Daga cikin kowane kwanso na abin da bishiyar ke samarwa ana samun iri guda uku (seed) na 'ya'yan jikin shi. 'ya'yan tsiron suna nan matsakaita wanda sun kai 3.5cm. Dangane da yanayin tashi, bishiya ne mai saurin girma cikin ?alilan lokaci zai bun?asa. Yana kafuwa a ?asa a cikin wata ?aya kacal bayan an dasa shi, daga nan ya cigaba da bun?asa har tsawon shekaru arba’in.

    Yanayinsa

    Dangane da yanayi, Bi-ni-da-zuga ana iya samunsa a layin da yake a latitude na 23026. Sannan yana bu?atar zafi ko dayake yana iya jure zuban dusan ?an?ara a matsakaicin yanayi. Bi-ni-da-zuga na daga cikin zuri’ar  pantropical duk da yake yana da ala?a  da guri mai mai yanayin zafi da ruwa, amma yana bun?asa a kowane ?angare na ?asashen Afirka da na Asia

    Wasu alfanun Bi-ni-da-zuga

    Itacen da kuma 'ya'yan itatuwan Bi-ni-da-zuga za a iya amfani da su a wurare daban-daban a ?angarori da dama har ma a matsayin makamashin wuta.

    1. Da farko, ?an itacen na ?auke da wani mai da ake kira viscous oil wanda nauyinsa ya kai (0.50%) wanda ake sarrafa su wajen samar da candles da kuma sabulu a ma’aikatar da suke samar da sarrafa kayan kwalliya na shafawa a fuska ko a jiki.
    2. Ana yin amfani da itacen wajen dafa abinci ko a yi amfani da shi domin ya haskaka wuri a matsayin diesel ko paraffin (wani mai ne da ake samu daga cikin man fetur).
    3. Bi-ni-da-zuga na taimaka wa sinadarin organic (wanda ya shafi abin da abubuwa masu rai suka samar a ?asa) kamar tana (earth-worm) wanda yake ?ara inganta darajar ?asa (soil).
    4. Bi-ni-da-zuga in ya tsira a wuri yana taimakawa wajen magance matsalar zaizayan ?asa (soil erosion) da gusar da tarin ?asa, daga fari (drought)
    5. Ana kuma amfani da itacen Bi-ni-da-zuga wajen iyakance yanki (boundary fence)
    6. Ana kuma amfani da 'ya'yan itacen Bi-ni-da-zuga a matsayin maganin ?wari, kamar farin ?ango da kuma gara, sannan ganyen na warkar da murar dabbobi, sannan kuma furannin itacen abin sha’awa ce ga ?udar zuma. Sannan kuma ?awon itacen ana amfani da shi wajen samun sinadarin sauya launin tufa kamar blue dye, gray dye, purple dye
    7. Biyo bayan abin da aka ambata a baya da suka ji?anci alfanun Bi-ni-da-zuga ya sanya al’ummar karkara zantawa domin binciko wa kan su makamashi da zai maye gurbin wanda suke amfani da shi wato fossils fuels (tsiro da ta rayu shekaru masu yawa da suka wuce, wacce aka kiyaye ta ajikin dutse)

    To wa?annan da ma wasu da ba alissafa ba na daga cikin alfanun da ake samu daga itacen Bi-ni-da-zuga.

    Mai karatu na iya duba: Abubuwan da ya kamata a sani game da ciwon hawan jini

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